Authors & Affiliations

Ulyanov V.V., Askhadullin R.Sh., Melnikov V.P., Gulevskiy V.A., Koshelev M.M., Storozhenko A.N.
A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia

Ulyanov V.V. – Leading Researcher, Cand. Sci. (Techn.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering. Contacts: 1, pl. Bondarenko, Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249033. Tel.: +7 (484) 399-80-14; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Askhadullin R.Sh. – Deputy Director of the Department of Physico-Chemical Technologies, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), Associate Professor, A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Melnikov V.P. – Deputy General Director Director of the Department of Physical and Chemical Technologies, Cand. Sci. (Tech.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Gulevskiy V.A. – Leading Researcher, Cand. Sci. (Techn.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Koshelev M.M. – Junior Researcher, A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Storozhenko A.N. – Head of the Laboratory, Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.

Abstract

The possibilities of innovative use of fusions of fusible metals (Pb, Pb-Bi) in the solution of hi-tech tasks are considered. The main actions for control and maintenance of quality of heavy liquid metal coolant in reactor installations and research stands of the Russian Federation taking into account operating experience of the lead-bismuth coolant in transport reactors are proved. The directions of innovative use of fusions of lead and the eutectic alloy of lead with bismuth, including in problems of processing of solid, liquid and gaseous raw materials are presented. Theoretically both the possibility of realization is experimentally proved and the prospects of thermoelectrochemical decomposition of water in liquid metal with receiving gaseous hydrogen and oxygen, receiving synthesis gas (mix of hydrogen and monoxide of carbon) from organic raw materials in the liquid-phase metal-oxide cycles "lead-lead oxide", liquid metal pyrolysis of solid organic polymeric waste with receiving the whole range of commodity products are confirmed, to distillation of water solutions without preliminary water treatment, synthesis of nanomaterials in liquid metal matrix.

Keywords
heavy liquid metal coolant, reactors on fast neutrons, fusible metals and alloys, technology of the coolant, thermoelectrochemical decomposition of water, synthesis gas, liquid metal pyrolysis of the fulfilled car tires, dipentene, the direct contact steam generator, fresh condensate, ultradisperse oxides

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)

References

UDC 621.039.5

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants, 2019, issue 1, 1:4