Authors & Affiliations

Kagramanian V.S., Chebeskov А.N., Decusar V.М., Gurskaya О.S.
A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia

Kagramanian V.S. – Advisor to General Director, Cand. Sci. (Techn.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Chebeskov А.N. – Principal scientist, Dr. Sci. (Tehn.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering. Contacts: 1, pl. Bondarenko, Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249033. Tel.: +7(484) 399-84-13; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Decusar V.М. – Leading Researcher, Cand. Sci. (Techn.), A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.
Gurskaya О.S. – Researcher, A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering.

Abstract

To date, several conceptual models of the organization of a two-component nuclear power system have been proposed in the world. This report presents the schematic diagrams of these models, briefly describes their main tasks and prospects for their implementation with time. As a result, based on the preliminary analysis, a model of a two-component nuclear energy system with thermal and fast reactors operating in a single closed nuclear fuel cycle is proposed. Such a model, based on existing and demonstrated technologies of thermal and fast reactors, can solve the main problems of current nuclear power, consisting in the uncontrolled accumulation of SNF volumes of thermal reactors and the inefficient use of natural uranium.

Keywords
nuclear power, thermal reactors VVER, fast reactors BN, closed nuclear fuel cycle, spent nuclear fuel, two-component nuclear energy system, natural uranium, plutonium, MOX fuel, breeding ratio

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)

References

UDC 621.039.51

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants, 2019, issue 2, 2:12