Authors & Affiliations
Vukolova A.-N.V.1, Dolgikh A.P.2, Rusinkevich A.A.1
1National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow, Russia
2"Rosenergoatom" Joint Stock Company, Moscow, Russia
Rusinkevich A.A.1 – Head of Laboratory, Cand. Sci. (Techn.).
Dolgikh A.P.2 – Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), chief specialist.
The article is focused on the description of the existing order for regulations of standards for permissible
and maximum permissible discharges of radioactive pollutants into atmospheric air and (on)
discussion of an alternative method for regulations of standards for permissible and maximum permissible
discharges, basing on establishment of these standards for a mixture of radioactive materials
and not for every radionuclide individually.
This method is based on using the radionuclide vector concept and allows to significantly facilitate arrangements of radiation monitoring, to abandon spectrometric methods and to use more simple, cheap and speedy radiometric methods for discharge control. This result corresponds to internationally recognized ALARA principle.
The procedure of the establishment of permissible discharge of noble gases mixture for atmospheric discharge of Rostov NPP site is shown in the article as an example. The results of the analysis of noble gases atmospheric discharges of 47 European NPPs with WWER and PWR power units, creation of nuclide vector and application of this vector for calculation of permissible discharge of noble gases mixture for the Rostov NPP are demonstrated.
NPP, permissible discharge, radioactive materials, activity, effective dose, regulation, radionuclides mixture, noble gases, WWER, PWR, radioactive wastes, airborne discharge, environment.
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