Authors & Affiliations

Vukolova A.-N.V.1, Dolgikh A.P.2, Rusinkevich A.A.1
1National Research Center "Kurchatov Institute", Moscow, Russia
2"Rosenergoatom" Joint Stock Company, Moscow, Russia

Vukolova A.-N.V.1 – Junior Researcher. Contacts: 1, pl. Academician Kurchatov, Moscow, Russia, 123182. Tel.: +7 (916)854-83-98; e-mail This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Rusinkevich A.A.1 – Head of Laboratory, Cand. Sci. (Techn.).
Dolgikh A.P.2 – Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.), chief specialist.

Abstract

The article is focused on the description of the existing order for regulations of standards for permissible and maximum permissible discharges of radioactive pollutants into atmospheric air and (on) discussion of an alternative method for regulations of standards for permissible and maximum permissible discharges, basing on establishment of these standards for a mixture of radioactive materials and not for every radionuclide individually.
This method is based on using the radionuclide vector concept and allows to significantly facilitate arrangements of radiation monitoring, to abandon spectrometric methods and to use more simple, cheap and speedy radiometric methods for discharge control. This result corresponds to internationally recognized ALARA principle.
The procedure of the establishment of permissible discharge of noble gases mixture for atmospheric discharge of Rostov NPP site is shown in the article as an example. The results of the analysis of noble gases atmospheric discharges of 47 European NPPs with WWER and PWR power units, creation of nuclide vector and application of this vector for calculation of permissible discharge of noble gases mixture for the Rostov NPP are demonstrated.

Keywords
NPP, permissible discharge, radioactive materials, activity, effective dose, regulation, radionuclides mixture, noble gases, WWER, PWR, radioactive wastes, airborne discharge, environment.

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)

References

UDC 621.039.76

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants, 2020, issue 1, 1:9