DOI: 10.55176/2414-1038-2021-1-66-73

Authors & Affiliations

Vaivod A.A., Yudov A.A., Besov S.S., Andreev S.A.
Russian Federal Nuclear Center – Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics, Snezhisk, Russia

Yudov A.A. – Head of Laboratory, Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.). Contacts: post box 245, 13, Vasilyev st., Snezhinsk, Chelyabinsk region, Russia, 456770. Tel.: +7 (351) 465-11-49; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.. Vaivod A.A. – Research Engineer.
Besov S.S. – Research Engineer.
Andreyev S.A. – Head of Subdivision, Cand. Sci. (Phys.-Math.).


The paper provides the precision experimental results on fission spectrum neutrons transmission through lithium hydride layers-7 with neutron activation analysis. The experiments were performed in Zababakhin All-Russia Research Institute of Technical Physics” on a critical assembly stand FKBN‑2. A cylindrical multiplying system (MS) made of high enriched uranium was used as a source of fission spectrum neutrons. Activation integrals of neutron activation detectors (NADs) located at different points of the composite lithium-7 hydride reflector face-mounted on the cylindrical uranium MS were determined in the experiments.
NADs based on nickel, indium, titanium, aluminum and copper were used. NADs of different types were exposed to radiation at power ~25–30 W during 1–1,5 hours. Nickel NAD was used as a monitor. Activation integrals absolute measurement error was determined by a certified technique and ranged from ~4 to ~8 % (2s). Relative measurement error was determined by statistical accuracy, instrument peaks software processing correctness and was found not to exceed 5,4 % (2σ). Using the data obtained, spectral indices (the ratio of the normalized values of the activation integrals of various detectors types to the one of nickel detector), which provide information on the neutron spectrum were determined.

benchmark-experiments, high enriched uranium, multiplying system, neutron activation analysis, neutron activation detectors, spectrometer facility, activation integrals, spectral indices, lithium hydride

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)


UDC 539.125.5

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants, 2021, issue 1, 1:7