Authors & Affiliations

Kazantsev A.A., Supotnitskaya O.V., Sergeev V.V
A.I. Leypunsky Institute for Physics and Power Engineering, Obninsk, Russia

Kazantsev A.A. – Senior Researcher, Dr. Sci. (Tech.), Associated Professor. Contacts: 1, pl. Bondarenko, Obninsk, Kaluga region, Russia, 249033. Tel.: +7 (48439) 9-51-97; e-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it..
Supotnitskaya O.V. – Deputy Director of Responsibility Center “Computer Codes”.
Sergeev V.V. – Senior Researcher,


The article presents the results of simulating the jet-vortex condenser operation. The jet-vortex condenser used as a part of the confinement system is designed to ensure the confinement integrity of an NPP with VVER-440 unit during LOCA accidents. To simulate the jet-vortex condenser operation it is important to keep a sufficient amount of water after a pressure peak was reached in the jet-vortex condenser hydraulic lock. The loss of water due to drop entrainment with steam-air mixture flow into the atmosphere stops when the velocity of drop sedimentation becomes higher than the velocity of drop entrainment with the mixture flow. The jet-vortex condenser model integrated into the KUPOL-M code was validated against the experimental data obtained on the VNIIAES test facility. To take into account drop entrainment with steam-air mixture flow the procedure of moisture separation and drop entrainment was used. A good agreement between calculated and experimental results was obtained when comparing the initial and final water levels in the hydraulic lock. The research results confirmed validity of the model of drop entrainment with steam-air mixture flow during the operation of the jet-vortex condenser and the preservation of water into the hydraulic lock during the accident.

Jet-Vortex Condenser, VVER-440, NPP, confinement system, drop entrainment, gravity separation, KUPOL-M code, Lost of Coolant accident (LOCA), vapor-air mixture with droplets, hydraulic lock, steam water droplets flow, hydraulic lock

Article Text (PDF, in Russian)


UDC 621.039.51:536(03); 621.31

Problems of Atomic Science and Technology. Series: Nuclear and Reactor Constants, 2021, issue 1, 1:11